1. IDENTIFY THE FIRE HAZARDS
When you are creating a risk assessment, it is extremely important to start if off by making a list of everything on the premises that start a fire if it comes into contact with the appropriate spark. These items include: Fuels, oils, paints, electrical and heating equipment that grow overheated or are poorly maintained could all be dangerous in the wrong instance. The next thing to consider on your fire risk assessment is the many ways in which items on the list could start a fire, including materials being left too near to a fire, overheated equipment or machinery, staff not discarding cigarettes properly – including being thrown into bins whilst still lit – papers catching fire, etc.
2. IDENTIFY WHO IS AT RISK
When there is a fire, everybody on the premises is at risk of being injured or worse. But every type of business has a different target demographic. For example, staff in an industrial property will be at risk of being injured by machines overheating or not working properly. Staff in an office building may be at risk if fire alarms are not installed properly and a fire breaks out. There are a lot of different areas to consider, and you must consider the different sections of your property when you are considering who is most at risk when a fire breaks out. There will also be other things to think about, including the age and mobility of your employees. Everybody has to be given an equal chance of evacuating in the event of an emergency.
3. EVALUATE THE RISKS AND TAKE IMMEDIATE ACTION
So parts one and two have been completed. What next? You will have a better understanding of what you need to do and how to protect your employees, so you have to put that to practice by evaluating the risks and making the appropriate actions in order to ensure 100% fire safety throughout the building. It’s vital you consider what you can do to all but guarantee that if a fire breaks out it can be defeated. Fitting fire exits and alarms in the correct areas of the factory where the risks are higher and the noise levels are also higher are among the things you must consider when making your property fire protected.
Fires break out because accidents occur from time to time, and sometimes it will be out of your control. But having the right procedures to deal with the situation will help ensure that casualties are kept to a minimum and damage to the premises will be minimal because the authorities will be informed right away because the right procedures have been implemented from day one. These include having fire alarms, well-lit fire exits in the correct areas and well trained staff who know what to do when there is a fire.
4. RECORD THE EXPERIENCE AND LEARN FROM IT
The best thing you can do in the event of a fire is learn from the experience and make positive changes. This happens by recording the event and having an honest appraisal of what can be changed to make the process better if it is ever to happen again. It is the only way that you are likely to prevent making the same mistakes again and it can be used as a training tool in the future.
Make a list of the fire hazards that came up and how you dealt with them. Could you have done better? Sometimes the best way to learn is from mistakes. But it is important that those initial mistakes were not big enough to put lives at risk. No matter how small they appear to be on the surface, it could always break out into something bigger.
5. REVIEW AND MAKE CHANGES ACCORDINGLY
There is no way to create a 100% fire proof environment, so there are always ways to improve. This could come with new technology like the firetrace system, or your company could expand and therefore need to consider new changes to the structure. However your business changes, fire protection should always be a priority, and your risk assessment should be there ready for you to review. Whatever changes you make in the future, just remember: Your employees are your responsibility, so make fire safety an integral part of your health and safety standards and training 100% of the time.